ГНАТЬ – ГОНЯТЬ Russian Verbs of Motion
In this Russian language lesson for intermediate learners, I’m explaining how we use the verb of motion ГНАТЬ / ГОНЯТЬ, without prefixes and with them. You asked me to tell about this verb; in addition, it’s really hard to find much information about this verb in Russian language textbooks; that’s why I’ve made this grammar lesson. I hope it will be helpful!
The main meaning of this verb is to chase, to drive – заставлять кого-то или что-то двигаться.
ГНАТЬ – movement in one direction
ГОНЯТЬ – movement in more directions
You, of course, remember that verbs of motion have such an interesting rule:
If we add a prefix to the verb of motion, which shows a movement in one direction, such as a verb ИДТИ, then this verb becomes a perfective verb. So, ИДТИ is an imperfective verb, ЕХАТЬ – also imperfective. But the verbs ПРИЙТИ, ПРИЕХАТЬ – they are perfective verbs.
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If you would like to further improve your knowledge, check this whole section about Russian verbs of Motion. There are a lot of interesting videos about this topic, for example УШЁЛ – ВЫШЕЛ – ПОШЁЛ (Verbs of Motion).